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Organic solvents are toxic?

Update time:2014.04.04

Organic solvents in the production of enterprises often use, and some of the use of a large amount, so the staff will often come into contact with organic solvents or solvents in the organic matter, then these organic solvents are toxic? Harmful to human body? Let alcohol recycling machine manufacturers Jie Xing for you to answer:
Organic solvent has the following toxicity:
1. Skin and mucous membrane stimulation: most of the organic solvents were on skin and mucous membrane have different degrees of stimulation, but mainly to ketones and esters. Can cause respiratory tract inflammation, contact and allergic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, eczema, conjunctivitis, etc..
2 blood toxicity: to aromatic hydrocarbons, in particular, the most common benzene. Benzene reached a certain dose can inhibit the bone marrow hematopoietic function, often first white blood cells reduce, after the reduction of platelets, the final red blood cells to reduce, become a whole blood cells. Individual exposure to benzene, the sensitive person, can occur in leukemia.
3. Liver and kidney toxicity: more common in organic solvents of chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as trichloroethylene, tetrachloro ethylene, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, trichloro propane, dichloro ethane poisoning. The pathological changes of toxic hepatitis were mainly fatty liver and liver cell necrosis. May have clinical liver pain, hepatosplenomegaly, loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, abnormal hepatic function. The renal damage caused by organic solvent was more than that of renal tubular type, and proteinuria and renal function were decreased.
4. Neurotoxicity: chlorinated hydrocarbons (trichloroethylene, dichloromethane) and aliphatic hydrocarbons (hexane and pentane, gasoline), aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, styrene, butyl toluene, vinyl toluene and carbon disulfide, phosphate tri ortho cresol and lipid soluble highly solvent is rare.
Generally, there are three types of organic solvents on the nervous system damage a second for toxic encephalopathy, relatively rare, found in carbon disulfide, benzene, gasoline and other organic solvents of serious acute, chronic poisoning; the third is toxic peripheral neuritis. Most of the performance is feeling, followed by mixed type. Acral numbness, sensory loss, pain, limb weakness, muscle atrophy; the first is the toxic neurasthenic and plant nerve function disorder. The patient may have dizziness, headache, insomnia, dreaminess, drowsiness, weakness, memory loss, loss of appetite, weight loss, and sweating, emotion unstable, heartbeat to accelerate or slow down, the fluctuation of blood pressure, skin temperature decreased or bilateral limb temperature asymmetric etc..
We have learned about the organic solvent of alcohol recycling machine after the toxicity of organic solvents, in particular, often contact with organic solvents, know how to deal with it?


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